Early accurate diagnosis of pregnancy status, detection and management of twins and identification of pregnancy loss are all important for optimal reproductive management of mares.
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Twins are a significant cause of reduced reproductive efficiency in the mare and may result in early pregnancy loss, abortion, stillbirth, or early neonatal death.
A reproductive evaluation, often termed a breeding soundness examination, may be performed to: 1) estimate future reproductive potential of a stallion, 2) provide a routine evaluation prior to purchase, or 3) determine cause(s) of poor reproductive performance.
The main advantages of frozen semen are long-term preservation of genetic material, insurance against unanticipated loss of a stallion, access to frozen semen if fresh or cooled semen is not available, and ability to ship semen worldwide.
The goal of a mare reproductive evaluation or breeding soundness examination is to identify known or potential reproductive abnormalities and to evaluate the potential for a mare to become pregnant and carry a foal successfully to term.
The goal of a test cool is to determine if semen from a stallion cools well and to identify the semen extender that optimizes motility during cooled storage.
It’s safer and more convenient to train a stallion to mount a breeding phantom for semen collection.