COVID-19 has had an unprecedented impact on all industries, including agriculture and the US food system. The resources provided below are intended to help agricultural businesses prevent and mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 to employees and business operations. If you have specific questions about the guidance or worker health and safety on your ag business, please email us: email@example.com.
Viruses constantly change through mutation, and new variants of a virus are expected to occur. COVID-19 prevention and mitigation strategies must account for changes in infection and spread caused by new virus variants. Visit CDC’s resources on variants of the virus for more information on Delta, Omicron, and any future variants.
COVID-19 Technical Support for Dairies
Are you looking for help implementing or understanding COVID-19 mitigation on your dairy farm? COVID-19 vaccine education? A team of regional collaborators received funding from the USDA to assist dairies in responding to COVID-19 and promoting worker health, safety, and well-being. Pre-recorded webinars are available in English, Spanish, and K’iche. View recorded webinars and other resources. For more information or to request assistance, contact Dr. Anabel Rodriguez at Anabel.Rodriguez@uth.tmc.edu or (210) 276-9019.
South Dakota dairy farms can contact Dr. Maristela Rovai, SDSU Dairy Extension Specialist, at Maristela.Rovai@sdstate.edu or 605-688-5488 for technical assistance.
CDC and US Department of Labor Guidance for the Ag Sector
On June 2, 2020, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Department of Labor jointly issued COVID-19 Interim Guidance for Agricultural Workers and Employers (Spanish version). (This guidance was most recently updated on June 11, 2021.)
This guidance provides a template of action to protect agriculture workers from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Agricultural employers can adapt these recommendations to protect workers at their particular work sites or in specific work operations.
Agricultural Employer Checklist for Creating a COVID-19 Assessment and Control Plan. To prevent and slow the spread of COVID-19, agricultural employers can use this checklist to create a COVID-19 assessment and control plan for applying specific preparation, prevention, and management measures.
These industry-specific resources will not be updated by CDC moving forward. Please see CDC’s Workplace and Businesses site for the most up-to-date information. If you need assistance at your ag workplace, email us: firstname.lastname@example.org.
State and National Resources (including testing)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- CDC COVID-19 Information
- What You Need to Know about Variants
- Resources for coping with COVID-19 stress
Agricultural Workers and Employers Interim Guidance from CDC and the U.S. Department of Labor
Agricultural Employer Checklist for Creating a COVID-19 Assessment and Control Plan
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
- Protecting Workers: Guidance on Mitigating and Preventing the Spread of COVID-19 in the Workplace
- General COVID-19 information from OSHA
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA): General COVID-19 information from USDA
- Colorado Department of Agriculture COVID-19 Information
- COVID-19 Guidance for the Agricultural Industry from the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (Spanish version)
- COVID-19 Testing Information for Colorado
- Montana Department of Agriculture COVID-19 Information
- Contact your county/tribal health department for local testing information
- North Dakota Department of Agriculture General COVID-19/Coronavirus Information
- North Dakota Department of Agriculture – COVID-19 Guidance for Agriculture
- Testing is available at free public testing events or by visiting a health care provider
- South Dakota COVID-19 Information or call the South Dakota COVID Information Line: 1-800-997-2880
- South Dakota Department of Agriculture COVID-19 Resources
- Wyoming COVID-19 Information
- COVID-19 testing: testing site finder and free at-home testing information ($150 fee is waived for Wyoming residents at checkout)
COVID-19 Vaccine Information
Find COVID-19 Vaccines Near You
National VaccineFinder: https://www.vaccines.gov/
Colorado: COVID-19 Vaccine / COVID-19 Vacuna; Find out where you can get vaccinated
Montana: COVID-19 Vaccine Availability and Resources; Use VaccineFinder to find a local appointment
South Dakota: South Dakota Department of Health – COVID-19 Vaccine Information / COVID-19 Recursos en Español; COVID-19 Vaccine Providers
North Dakota: North Dakota Department of Health – COVID-19 Information / North Dakota’s vaccine locator
Utah: Utah COVID-19 Vaccine Information / La vacuna contra el COVID-19; COVID-19 Vaccine Distribution / Distribución de la vacuna contra el COVID-19
Wyoming: Wyoming Department of Health – COVID-19 Vaccine Information / See county-specific vaccine information here for appointment sign-ups.
Farmworkers: Una Voz Para La Salud/Call for Health
Nation-wide, toll-free, bilingual health information and referral service for farmworkers and their families:
- Phone: 1 (800) 377-9968
- Whatsapp: 1 (737) 414-5121
- Facebook: www.facebook.com/UnaVozParalaSalud
- Instagram: www.instagram.com/UnaVozParalaSalud
How do the COVID-19 vaccines work?
Video: How Adenovector Vaccines Work [3 minutes, English] (Johnson & Johnson vaccine)
Video: How do mRNA Vaccines Work? [1 minute, English] (Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines)
How do the COVID-19 vaccines work? How were they approved so quickly? How was it determined that they are effective and safe? Get the answers to these questions from vaccine research experts at Colorado State University in this recorded community Q&A session.
COVID-19 Vaccine Frequently Asked Questions: This 20-minute video discusses common vaccine questions including how they work, how to get one, and what to expect. Available in English, Spanish, and K’iche.
Answering common questions about how herd immunity and vaccination. Learn about the science behind herd immunity and how vaccines help to insure herd immunity against diseases.
COVID-19 Vaccine Resources for Agricultural Workers from the National Center for Farmworker Health – including indigenous language resources and videos.
Tools for Encouraging Vaccination
Specific items that may be helpful for ag businesses include:
- What to Expect handout / Información sobre las vacunas contra el COVID-19
- Side Effects handout / Efectos secundarios de las vacunas contra el COVID-19
- Colorado’s Rural/Ag Vaccine Toolkit
After COVID-19 vaccination, employees might have some side effects. It is normal for these to occur. Review CDC’s Post-Vaccine Considerations for Workplaces for more information on how to manage and assess employee side effects.
Video: Guidance for agricultural workers who received their first COVID-19 vaccine dose outside of the US
Produced by the National Center for Farmworker Health
Resources on Boosters and Breakthrough Infections
CDC’s guidance and information on booster shots
Dosis de refuerzo de la vacuna contra el COVID-19
Get the Facts: Breakthrough Infections – factsheet from the National Resource Center for Refugees, Immigrants, and Migrants (NRC-RIM). Available in English, Spanish, and several other languages
Assessment and Screening of People
Workplace screening: Pre-screening procedures include taking temperatures and assessing any symptoms prior to starting work. Ideally, this should be done before entering a facility.
Employees should be sent home if:
- If they have a temperature of 100.4 F or greater OR they feel feverish; OR
- If they have had any symptoms in the last 24 hours.
Sick workers: Discourage employees with symptoms from coming to work. Any employees who feel ill or start showing symptoms while at work should be sent home.
Return to work: Determine a plan for when employees with symptoms and/or a positive test can return to work. See resources below to help create a plan.
COVID-19 testing information for each state is in the State and National Resources section above.
- CDC’s Workplace and Businesses site
- Video: How to set-up a workplace screening (written guide) (June 2020)
- Webinar: Basics of COVID-19 Assessment and Control Plans (June 2020)
- Webinar: What do to if an ag employee test positive for COVID-19 (August 2020)
- Recorded presentation: Keeping Farmworkers COVID Safe (February 2021)
Worksite Assessment and Controls
Conduct an initial worksite assessment to identify COVID-19 risks and prevention strategies. Complete additional assessments periodically to identify and respond to any changes. (Webinar: Control Plan Do’s and Don’ts for Produce Growers – June 2020)
Cleaning and disinfection: Develop sanitation protocols for daily cleaning and sanitation. Identify high touch and high traffic areas that require additional cleaning and/or cleaning between shifts: break rooms, locker rooms, vehicles, bathrooms, time clocks, etc.
- EPA List N: Disinfectants for Use Against SARS-CoV-2
- CDC Guidance: Cleaning and Disinfecting Your Facility
- COVID-19: Cleaning and Disinfecting Your Farming Operation
- Webinar: Cleaning, Sanitizing, and Disinfecting Your Produce Farm (April 2020)
- Using Disinfectants to Control the COVID-19 Virus
Social distancing: Since COVID-19 is spread primarily from person-to-person, adapting work tasks to maintain adequate social distance (6 feet or 2 meters) is vital to preventing spread on your farm, ranch, or dairy. Think critically about how to discourage employees from congregating in common areas like break rooms, kitchens, locker rooms, bathrooms, and entryways and during meetings.
Hand hygiene: Encourage employees to wash their hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Provide additional hand washing stations and access to hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol when soap and water are not immediately available.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Provide personal protective equipment (PPE) for disinfection procedures according to the information on the product label or Safety Data Sheet.
Gloves: Gloves should be worn during cleaning and sanitation procedures according the instructions of the product being used. If relevant, gloves may also be worn at the point of sale when handling money and providing food directly to customers.
Respirators: Filtering facepiece respirators and elastomeric respirators (with P100-level particulate protection) do provide adequate protection against COVID-19. Due to limited supply, these respirators are being prioritized for healthcare workers. If you already have these respirators in your supply, they may be used for infection control.
Respirator shortage: Due to high demand for respiratory protection in health care settings, respirator supplies are limited. However, you are still required by law to wear respiratory protection/provide respiratory protection to employees for hazardous tasks in agriculture such as pesticide application, in dusty environments, and more. See the resources below for information on dealing with this shortage.
- EPA Temporary Guidance on Respiratory Protection for Agricultural Pesticide Handlers During COVID-19 (extended through September 30, 2021)
- Respirator Decision Tree: English / Spanish. Label-required PPE not available? This flowchart will help you determine your options for meeting label-requirements and protecting your respiratory health.
- Respirator Conservation Strategies / Conservación de provisiones de respiradores
- Vídeo: Desinfectar Su Respirador de Media Cara
- FDA: Use of Respirators, Facemasks, and Cloth Face Coverings in the Food and Agriculture Sector During Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic (Spanish)
Cloth Face Coverings
Cloth face coverings may slow the spread of the virus and help people who may have the virus and do not know it from transmitting it to others. Face coverings should be worn in settings where social distancing is difficult to maintain (For example: during certain harvesting or processing activities).
- Face coverings are not a substitute for social distancing. Adapting tasks to maintain appropriate distancing should be prioritized; and
- Cloth face coverings are not a suitable replacement for preventing exposure to workplace hazards requiring the use of a respirator (pesticide application, dusty environments, etc.).
Wearing a cloth face covering does not increase the risk of heat related illness; however, employees may experience anxiety or discomfort while wearing a face covering. Increase the frequency of water and break times as employees become acclimated to wearing face coverings.
In situations where employers provide housing, review these additional considerations to ensure the health of employers in these facilities:
- Provide additional hand soap and cleaning/disinfection supplies.
- Establish cleaning and disinfection procedures for high touch surfaces and shared spaces such as sleeping quarters, kitchens, eating areas, bathrooms, and laundry facilities.
- Allow for 6ft separation whenever possible, including sleeping arrangements.
- Establish daily health checks.
- Create a plan for isolating residents with COVID-19.
- Shared Housing and COVID-19: Everyday Tips for Extraordinary Times
- Farmworker Housing Simulator This simulation tool is designed to show how easily a virus can spread among farmworkers based on room size and how beds are arranged in their housing. It also suggests alternative room arrangements to help prevent or reduce the spread of illness within a shared space.
- Guidance for Fruit and Vegetable Operations: Considerations to Protect Seasonal Workers Supporting Fruit and Vegetable Operations during Harvesting and Processing and in Shared/Communal Housing During COVID-19
Shared Transportation and Vehicles
Transportation to and from the worksite:
If employees provide their own transportation, discourage carpooling. Where possible, advise employees to ride alone or be dropped off by a family member. When this is not possible, encourage them to wear a cloth face covering when riding in a vehicle with another person.
If employer provides transportation, make adjustments to provide for adequate social distancing and
- Do not sit a person in every seat
- Increase the number of trips or the number of vehicles
- Encourage all riders to wear a cloth face covering
Disinfecting vehicles: Utilize CDC’s guidance for disinfecting non-emergency transport vehicles to clean and disinfect all farm vehicles and transportation vehicles. All vehicles should be disinfected between users/riders, or at minimum once per day. Conduct thorough disinfection of high touch surfaces: operator controls, seat belts, door handles, air vents, window controls, armrests, etc.
Youth on Farms
Due to closure of schools and limited availability of childcare, be aware of increased presence of children and youth on farms. Establish and enforce policies that restrict children from worksites.
If hiring youth, ensure to follow labor laws and assign age-appropriate tasks. Provide additional supervision and guidance to youth on minimizing COVID-19 exposures.
- All communication and training for workers should be easy to understand and should be provided in languages appropriate to the preferred languages spoken or read by those receiving the training.
- Document training topics and training attendance. Utilize this training log for your records.
- Maintain social distancing while training. Train in small groups and outdoors, where possible. If utilizing videos, allow workers to watch individually on their mobile devices.
Agricultural Employer Training Guide: a script for providing tailgate training on COVID-19 basics, personal prevention, and workplace prevention (English & Spanish). Additional training tools (presentation files, flipcharts, etc.) are available from the Western Center for Agricultural Health and Safety here.
The links below are to video resources that can be used as training tools. Language is indicated for each video.
- NC State Extension Videos 3-part series [Spanish]
- COVID-19: Información Basica para Trabajadores de Lecheria/ COVID-19: Basic Information for Dairy Workers [Spanish with English Subtitles]
- íAcabe con los microbios. Lávese las manos! [Spanish]
- How Handwashing Works [English]
Cleaning and Disinfection
- Prevención de COVID-19: Limpiar y desinfectar [Spanish]
- Guia para limpiar y desinfectar casas para prevenir COVID19 [Spanish]
- COVID-19 Prevention: Cleaning and Disinfecting [English]
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
- Desinfectar Su Respirador de Media Cara [Spanish]
Cloth Face Coverings
- A Guide for Wearing Cloth Face Masks [English]
Additional Spanish Resources
Síntomas del coronavirus (COVID-19) (Symptoms of coronavirus/COVID-19)
Lo Que Necesita Saber Del Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) en Su Lecheria (What You Need to Know About Coronavirus (COVID-19) on Your Dairy)
COVID-19 Y La Salud En Las Engordas (COVID-19 and Health on the Feedlot)
Indicaciones para mitigar la propagación del coronavirus (Suggestions for mitigating the spread of the coronavirus)
Stress Management and Mental Health Resources
Coping with COVID-19 stress from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Coping with COVID-19 / Reducir el miedo y cuidar de si mismo from the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (available in 7 languages)
Taking Care of Your Behavioral Health – Tips for Social Distancing, Quarantine, and Isolation During and Infectious Disease Outbreak – Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Webinar Series – 6 Weeks to Improve Resiliency for Farmers
Free, 30-minute online sessions provided by Lauren Ziegler of My Still Life. More information about each session is available from the Colorado Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association.
- Week 1 – Resilience: Navigating Changes (Watch)
- Week 2 – Managing Daily Aches & Pains (Watch)
- Week 3 – Hands-on Tools for Stress Management (Watch)
- Week 4 – Exercises During Work (Watch)
- Week 5 – Tools for Insomnia (Watch)
- Week 6 – Lifestyle for High Performance Moving Forward (Watch)
Signs and Symptoms of Stress – Signs and Symptoms of Stress from the Upper Midwest Ag Safety and Health Center
Regional Crisis Services
Colorado Crisis Services: 1-844-493-8255
Avera Farm and Rural Stress Hotline (Dakotas): 1-800-691-4336
National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-8255
Point of Sale Safety
U.S. Small Business Administration Coronavirus Relief Options: Information on federal relief options.
U.S. Department of Agriculture Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP): The Coronavirus Food Assistance Program provides direct relief to producers who faced price declines and additional marketing costs due to COVID-19.
U.S. Department of Agriculture Pandemic Response and Safety Grants (PRS): The Pandemic Response and Safety (PRS) Grant Program provides grants to specialty crop producers and processors, other select producers, meat and other processors, distributors, and farmers markets to respond to coronavirus, including for measures to protect workers against novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID–19).
Colorado Farm and Food Systems Respond and Rebuild Fund: Funding requests must be directly attributed to the COVID-19 event, focused on recovering demonstrated losses or a business model pivot. To receive future updates, sign-up for the email list.
Montana Coronavirus Relief Options: A comprehensive resource for Montanans to identify whether they qualify for financial relief.